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About GALLERIA ACCADEMIA FLORENCE

The History of The Galleria

The foundation of the Galleria dates back to 1784, when the Grand Duke of Tuscany Pietro Leopoldo reorganized the Academy of Arts of Design in Florence, founded in 1563 by Cosimo I de 'Medici, in the modern Academy of Fine Arts. The new institution occupied the premises of the fourteenth century Hospital of San Matteo and those of the convent of San Niccolo di Cafaggio. The Museum was enriched with the suppression of churches and convents ordered by Pietro Leopoldo in 1786 and by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1810. However, the decisive event for the history of the museum was the transfer of Michelangelo's David from the Piazza della Signoria, in August 1873. The most famous sculpture in the world waited nine years, in a wooden box, for the construction of the Tribune designed by architect Emilio De Fabris to host it. Today's Galleria dell'Accademia was established in 1882.

David

The work was assigned to Michelangelo by the workers of the Florence cathedral on 16 August 1501, for a remuneration of 400 ducats. On 25 January 1504 a commission composed of the prominent artists of the time (among others, Leonardo da Vinci, Sandro Botticelli, Filipino Lippi, the Perugino) decided that the sculpture should have to be placed at the entrance of Palazzo Vecchio, as a symbol of the strength and independence of the Florentines. On 8 September 1504 the statue was unveiled to the city, to the admiration of all people. Originally some parts of the David were gilded, a garland on his head, the trunk (or "broncone") behind the right leg and the sling. The sculpture with its carved base is 517 cm high and weighs 5560 kilos. In 2003-2004 the marble was subjected to a careful cleaning and it is regularly dusted to enable the accurate monitoring.

Galleria dell'Accademia di Firenze

www.galleriaaccademiafirenze.it


Country: Italy
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